The Anderson Family of the Lost Creek Settlement

The Lost Creek Settlement in Vigo County, Indiana is a settlement of mixed Native American, African American, and European American families who in part descend from Granville County. I recently assisted a woman whose family descends from the Andersons of the Lost Creek settlement make the connection back to the Andersons of Granville County. While doing this research I found many family trees on Ancestry that seemed to be having difficulty making the correct Anderson connection from the Lost Creek settlement to Granville County. So in this blog post I will properly outline and document that connection.


The Lost Creek Settlement, A Native American Descendants Association

James Shepard is the the webmaster and a descendant of the Lost Creek Settlement. Here is some background information:

Lost Creek Community Grove
Welcome

The Lost Creek Settlement was a community established prior to 1860, by “free people of color” from the southeastern American states. The largest migration from North Carolina to Indiana occurred between the late 1820’s thru 1840. Those pioneers settled within the Vigo County, Indiana townships of Lost Creek, Otter Creek, Nevins, and Linton. The Linton community became known as the Underwood Settlement. Almost all of these pioneers were an admixture of European and Native American. Others were an admixture of European and African, and some were a mixture of all three. Descendants of these settlers, who have verified their Native American ancestry via DNA testing, are the families of: Allen, Anderson, Bass, Batton, Cooper, Harris, Manuel, Norton, Russell, Shepard, Tyler, and Underwood.

Source: http://lost-creek.org/genealogy/index.php

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Shaded in yellow is Vigo County, Indiana which is located on the state’s western border with Illinois. Lost Creek is immediately adjacent to county seat Terra Haute. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vigo_County,_Indiana

From Norfolk, VA to Granville Co, NC

NC - VA Native map.009
A map showing the movement of the Anderson family who later resettled in the Lost Creek Settlement in Vigo Co, IN. This branch of the Andersons moved from Norfolk, VA to Northampton Co, NC to Granville Co, then back to Northampton Co, then to Richmond/Montgomery Co, NC and finally off to Indiana. © Kianga Lucas

I previously blogged about the origins of Anderson family here and it is a worthwhile read to learn more about the early origins of the family. The Lost Creek branch of the Anderson family begins with an earliest known ancestor named George Anderson (1696-1771). In 1712, George Anderson and his Anderson family were freed as ordered by the will of John Fulcher, their deceased slave owner. Fulcher lived in Norfolk Co, VA and was a neighbor to and had land transactions with the Nansemond Bass family. The freed Andersons and the Basses subsequently intermarried.

craney island
Map of the Elizabeth River in what was then Lower Norfolk County, VA. Shown are approximate locations of Captain John Sibsey’s land holdings including “Manor Plantation” which his grandson John Fulcher inherited. Also shown is the land that John Fulcher granted to the freed Anderson family. Edward Bass‘ land purchase from John Fulcher is also shown. Source: Sir Robert Barrie Papers, Rubenstein Library, Duke University

The wife of George Anderson was a woman named Mary but her maiden name is unknown. Given the high frequency of Anderson and Bass marriages, it’s quite probable she was a Bass. The first land transaction recorded for George Anderson was on 13 Jan 1738 for 260 acres on Bear Swamp that he bought from John Bass ( 1700-1777) in what was then Bertie Co, NC and later became Northampton Co, NC. George Anderson’s wife Mary may have been John Bass’ sister. John Bass did in fact have a sister named Mary Bass who was identified in their father John Bass Sr’s 1732 will.

In 1745, George Anderson sold his Northampton Co, NC land and settled in Granville Co, NC by 1746. From the Granville Co tax lists and from George Anderson’s will we know the names of his children. Jeremiah Anderson (1740-1793) was identified as George’s son in the 1752 tax list. In 1762, Jeremiah Anderson purchased 200 acres of land from his father George Anderson in Granville Co. And in George Anderson’s 1771 will, Jeremiah Anderson inherited only 1 shilling from his father.


 

Jeremiah Anderson (1740-1793) Moves Back to Northampton Co

In 1764 Jeremiah Anderson was a tithable in Granville Co and his wife was listed as Margaret. It’s possible she was from the Mitchell family because David Mitchell (1744-1784) was listed a tithable in Jeremiah’s household. By 1780, Jeremiah Anderson left Granville Co and returned to Northampton Co,NC where his father George Anderson had previously lived. This was an unusual move because most of the Andersons who came to Granville stayed in Granville or left for land further west. By the end of his life, Jeremiah Anderson had remarried to a woman named Millie. He was deceased by 1794 when his widow Millie Anderson and son George Anderson sold his Northampton Co, NC land.

So from the 1794 land transaction we know that Jeremiah Anderson had a son named George Anderson (b. 1770). For reasons not known to me, George Anderson left Northampton Co, NC and relocated out to Richmond Co, NC. In the 1820 census he is the head of a household of 10 “free colored” people in Richmond Co, NC. In the 1830 census George is the head of a household of 10 “free colored” people in neighboring Montgomery Co, NC.

I haven’t been able to locate any marriage records for this George Anderson. However according to the 14 Mar 1882 Vigo Co, IN marriage record of George Anderson’s son John Anderson (b. 1815), George Anderson’s wife was Morning Taborn. This certainly makes sense because the Taborn family are a large Native American/”free colored” family that lived in Northampton Co and intermarried with other families such as the Allens, Manleys, Birds, and Haithcocks. William Taborn (1758-1835) moved from Northampton Co, NC to Granville Co in the 1770s and is the main progenitor of the Taborns of Granville’s Native American community. I haven’t been able to verify Morning Taborn’s parents yet, but she is most likely closely related to William Taborn’s brothers who remained in Northampton Co: Nathan Taborn (1760-1833), Allen Taborn (b. 1763), Isaac Taborn (b. 1768), and Wyatt Taborn (b. 1775).

John Anderson marriage record
John Anderson’s second marriage to Margaret Riley on 14 Mar 1882, lists his parent’s names as George Anderson and Morning Taborn. Source: FamilySearch

I have noticed that a number of family trees on Ancestry have confused this George Anderson (b. 1770) of Richmond/Montgomery Co, NC who is the father of the Andersons who relocated to the Lost Creek settlement in Indiana for a different George Anderson (b. 1776) of Granville Co, NC. The latter George Anderson (b. 1776) of Granville Co, NC was the son of Lewis Anderson and Winnie Bass and was married to Sarah Evans. He and his children for the most part remained in Granville Co, NC and were not the Andersons that relocated to the Lost Creek settlement in Indiana.

So to repeat, the George Anderson who was the father of the Andersons who relocated to the Lost Creek Settlement in Vigo Co, IN is not the same George Anderson of Granville Co who was married to Sarah Evans. Please make sure you have the correct George Anderson identified in your family tree.


The Andersons Arrive at the Lost Creek Settlement in Vigo Co, IN

 

We can tell from the 1820 and 1830 census records that George Anderson (b. 1770) and wife Morning Taborn had a large family. I have been able to identify a number of George Anderson’s children and they all appear to have relocated to the Lost Creek Settlement in Indiana by the 1830s. The following is a summary of George Anderson’s children:

1. Jordan Anderson (b. 1799) was married to Elizabeth Jackson. By 1830 he was the head of a household of 7 “free colored” people in Orange Co, IN and was counted in the 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses for Vigo Co, IN.

2. Jeremiah Anderson (1805-1889) was married to Rhoda Underwood. In 1830 he was the head of a household of 6 “free colored ” people in Richmond Co, NC. And from 1840 through 1880 he was counted in the Vigo Co, In censuses.

Malachi Anderson
Rev Malachi Anderson (1848-1920) was the son of Jeremiah Anderson and Rhoda Underwood. He was married to Sarah Pettiford. Vigo Co, IN Source: The Lost Creek Settlement website
Oma Anderson
Oma Delany Anderson (b. 1843) was the daughter of Jeremiah Anderson and Rhoda Underwood. She was married to Primus Tyler. Vigo Co, IN Source: The Lost Creek Settlement website

3.David Anderson (1807-1868) was married to an Elizabeth with some family trees claiming her maiden name is Shad and other claiming her maiden was is Jackson. I cannot find direct evidence of either. David Anderson was enumerated in the 1840, 1850, and 1860 censuses of Vigo Co, IN.

4. Abel Anderson (b. 1808) was married to Jane Roberts in Orange Co, IN in 1832. He was counted in the 1840, 1850 and 1860  censuses in Vigo Co, IN.

5. Lewis Anderson (b. 1812) was married to Mary Green and was counted in the 1840 and 1850 censuses in Vigo Co, IN.

6. John Anderson (b. 1815) was married to Nancy Patterson in 1840 in Vigo Co, IN. He was enumerated in the 1850 and 1860 censuses in Edwards Co, IL.  In 1870 and 18880 he was enumerated back in Vigo Co, IN. He married for a second time to Margaret Riley 1882 in Vigo Co, IN. It is this marriage record that identifies George Anderson’s wife as Morning Taborn.


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The Anderson Family of the Lost Creek Settlement © Kianga Lucas

 

 

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7 thoughts on “The Anderson Family of the Lost Creek Settlement

  1. Hi Kianga,

    I’m not sure if you’re already familiar with these two sources, however, in my research I came across the following texts which have some information on the Anderson families:

    ) Victoria E. Bynum, Unruly Women: The Politics of Social and Sexual Control in the Old South, (UNC Press Books, 1992), p. 78

    ) Ric Murphy, Freedom Road: An American Family Saga from Jamestown to World War I, (Author House, 2014), pp. 88-90

    Hope this helpful!

    Kim Anderson

    Like

  2. Dear Ms. Lewis, Do you happen to have anymore information on these Andersons, or where I might find this information. We have had our DNA done and we match Kuzzie Anderson her son William “Billy” Cole also Valentine Collins. I’m looking for John Henry Anderson born 1846 in Kentucky, pretty much all I know. We are very dark Andersons. This is a wonderful site and I would like to thank you for all of your time putting it together.

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  3. Dear Kianga,

    Do you think there is a connection with these people?

    George Anderson
    1736–1808
    Birth 1736 • Goochland, Goochland, Virginia, USA
    Death 28 MAY 1808 • Pendleton, Anderson, South Carolina, USA

    Dina Anderson
    1707–1769
    Birth 1707 • Lunenburg, Lunenburg, Virginia, United States
    Death 1769 • Granville, North Carolina, United States

    Caroline Anderson
    1709–1767
    Birth 1709 • Roanoke, Halifax, Virginia, United States
    Death 1767 • Roanoke, Halifax, Virginia, United States

    Thanks!

    Like

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